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Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs

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Archaic Period : Early Dynastic : Lower Egypt
Name Description Reigned
Tiu    
Thesh     
Hsekiu     
Wazner     
Archaic Period : Early Dynastic : Upper Egypt
Scorpion I Oldest tomb at Umm el-Qa'ab had scorpion insignia  c. 3200 BC? 
Iry-Hor kingship uncertain       c. 3150 BC? 
Ka         c. 3100 BC 
Serqet uncertain; possibly the same person as Narmer, somrthimes referred to as "King Scorpion"       c. 3100 BC 
Narmer The king who combined Upper and Lower Egypt       c. 3200 BC 
         
         
         
Menes Potentially the same person as Narmer, Hor-Aha, Serket II, or any combination of the three. Archaic First Dynasty All Egypt contingent upon identity
Hor-Aha Arguably the unifier of Upper and Lower Egypt. Archaic First Dynasty   c. 3050 BC
Djer ? Archaic First Dynasty   41 years
Merneith Regent for Den Archaic First Dynasty   ?
Djet ? Archaic First Dynasty   23 years
Den ? Archaic First Dynasty   14 to 20.1 years
Anedjib ? Archaic First Dynasty   10 years
Semerkhet ? Archaic First Dynasty   9 years
Qa'a ? Archaic First Dynasty   2916?–2890
         
         
Hotepsekhemwy ? Archaic Second Dynasty All Egypt 2890–?
Raneb ? Archaic Second Dynasty All Egypt 39 years
Nynetjer ? Archaic Second Dynasty All Egypt 40 years
Wneg ? Archaic Second Dynasty All Egypt 8 years
Senedj ? Archaic Second Dynasty All Egypt 20 years
Seth-Peribsen ? Archaic Second Dynasty All Egypt 17 years
Sekhemib-Perenmaat ? Archaic Second Dynasty All Egypt  
Khasekhemwy Archaic Second Dynasty All Egypt  ?–2686 BC
         
         
Sanakhte ? Old Kingdom Third Dynasty All Egypt 2686-2668
Djoser Commissioned the Step Pyramid designed by Imhotep Old Kingdom Third Dynasty All Egypt 2668–2649
Sekhemkhet ? Old Kingdom Third Dynasty All Egypt 2649–2643
Khaba ? Old Kingdom Third Dynasty All Egypt 2643–2637
Huni ? Old Kingdom Third Dynasty All Egypt 2637–2613
         
         
         
Sneferu Built the Bent Pyramid, which is a pyramid built at a normal angle at the bottom but drastically changes at the top. He also built the first "true" pyramid, known as the Red Pyramid. Some say that he was buried at the Red Pyramid, while others say that he was buried at the Bent Pyramid. Bones have been found at the Red Pyramid, but there is no evidence that this is Sneferu's body. Old Kingdom Fourth Dynasty All Egypt 2613–2589
Khufu Greek form: Cheops. Built the great pyramid of Giza. Note that Khufu is spoken of in early sources as being "third" of his family to rule, although there is no known record of a Pharaoh between Sneferu and Khufu. One supposition is that there might have been a very short reign of some elder brother of Khufu, whose inscriptions, name, and monuments have perished for one reason or another. Old Kingdom Fourth Dynasty All Egypt 2589–2566
Djedefra (Radjedef) ? Old Kingdom Fourth Dynasty All Egypt 2566–2558
Khafra Greek form: Chephren Old Kingdom Fourth Dynasty All Egypt 2558–2532
Bikheris here some authorities insert Bikheris, following Manetho Old Kingdom Fourth Dynasty All Egypt ?
Menkaura Greek form: Mycerinus Old Kingdom Fourth Dynasty All Egypt 2532–2503
Shepseskaf – Old Kingdom Fourth Dynasty All Egypt 2503–2498
Thampthis here some authorities insert Thampthis, following Manetho Old Kingdom Fourth Dynasty All Egypt ?
         
         
         
Userkaf ? Old Kingdom Fith Dynasty All Egypt 2498–2491
Sahure ? Old Kingdom Fith Dynasty All Egypt 2487–2477
Neferirkare Kakai ? Old Kingdom Fith Dynasty All Egypt 2477–2467
Shepseskare Isi ? Old Kingdom Fith Dynasty All Egypt 2467–2460
Neferefre ? Old Kingdom Fith Dynasty All Egypt 2460–2453
Nyuserre Ini ? Old Kingdom Fith Dynasty All Egypt 2453–2422
Menkauhor Kaiu ? Old Kingdom Fith Dynasty All Egypt 2422–2414
Djedkare Isesi ? Old Kingdom Fith Dynasty All Egypt 2414–2375
Unas ? Old Kingdom Fith Dynasty All Egypt 2375–2345
         
         
Teti ? Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2345–2333
Userkare ? Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2333–2332
Pepi I Meryre ? Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2332–2283
Merenre Nemtyemsaf I ? Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2283–2278
Pepi II Neferkare Possible unto 2224 which would explain the following 4 kings. Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2278–2184
Neferka Only mentioned in the redford. Reigned during Pepi II; was possibly his son or co-reigner. Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2200–2199
Nefer Reign of 2 years, 1 month and a day according to Turin Canon Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2197–2193
Aba Reigned for 4 years and 2 months. Reign dates don't follow Turin Canon. Highly unlikely. Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2293–2176
Unknown King Unknown king attested here Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt  
Merenre Nemtyemsaf II Uncertain pharaoh. Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2184
Nitiqret A supposed female ruler. May be mistake for Neitiqerty Siptah. Old Kingdom Sixth Dynasty All Egypt 2184–2181
         
         
         
Neferkara I First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Netjerkare   First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Menkare   First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkare II First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkara Nebi First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Djedkara Shemai First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkara Khendu  Some authorities place here Merenhor   First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkamin Seneferka First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Nikara   First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkara Tereru First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkahor First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkara Pepyseneb First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkamin Anu First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Qakare Ibi   First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkara II First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferkawhor Khuwihap First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
Neferirkara -  First Intermediate Period 7th or 8th Dynasty All Egypt  
         
         
Meryibre Khety (Achthoes I) - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt 2160– ?
Meribre Khety II - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Neferkare III - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Nebkaure (Acthoes II) - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Setut - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Wakhare Khety I - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Merykare - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Wankhare Khety II - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Menethoupe I - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Wankhare Khety III - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Khety II - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Khety II's daughter - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Merikare's daughter - First Intermediate Period Ninth Dynasty All Egypt  ? –2130
         
         
Meryhathor ? First Intermediate Period Tenth Dynasty All Egypt 2130– ?
Neferkare IV ? First Intermediate Period Tenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Wankare (Acthoes III) ? First Intermediate Period Tenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Merykare ? First Intermediate Period Tenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
? ? First Intermediate Period Tenth Dynasty All Egypt  ? –2040
         
         
Mentuhotep I Tepy-a ? First Intermediate Period Eleventh Dynasty All Egypt ?
Sehertawy Intef I ? First Intermediate Period Eleventh Dynasty All Egypt 2134–2117
Wahankh Intef II ? First Intermediate Period Eleventh Dynasty All Egypt 2117–2069
Nakhtnebtepnefer Intef III ? First Intermediate Period Eleventh Dynasty All Egypt 2069–2060
Nebhetepre Mentuhotep II Gained all Egypt 2040, Middle Kingdom begins. First Intermediate Period Eleventh Dynasty All Egypt 2060–2010
Sankhkare Mentuhotep III ? First Intermediate Period Eleventh Dynasty All Egypt 2010–1998
Nebtawyre Mentuhotep IV ? First Intermediate Period Eleventh Dynasty All Egypt 1997–1991
         
         
Amenemhat I — Middle Kingdom Twelth Dynasty All Egypt 1991–1962
Senusret I (Sesostris I) — Middle Kingdom Twelth Dynasty All Egypt 1971–1926
Amenemhat II — Middle Kingdom Twelth Dynasty All Egypt 1929–1895
Senusret II (Sesostris II) — Middle Kingdom Twelth Dynasty All Egypt 1897–1878
Senusret III (Sesostris III) Most powerful of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs. Middle Kingdom Twelth Dynasty All Egypt 1878–1860
Amenemhat III — Middle Kingdom Twelth Dynasty All Egypt 1860–1815
Amenemhat IV Had a co-regency lasting at least 1 year based on an inscription at Konosso. Middle Kingdom Twelth Dynasty All Egypt 1815–1807
Sobekneferu A rare female ruler. Middle Kingdom Twelth Dynasty All Egypt 1807–1803
         
         
         
         
Dudimose I — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1654
Dudimose II — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Senebmiu — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Mentuhotep V — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Senaayeb — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep or Wegaf Founded the 13th Dynasty. His reign is attested by several Nile Records and Papyri. Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1803–1799 4 yrs.
Sekhemkare Amenemhat V Senebef, brother of Sekhemre Khutawy. 3 Yrs. Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt —
Amenemhat — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1795–1792
Sehetepre — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ? –1790
Iufni — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Seankhibre — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Semenkare — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Sehetepre — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Sewadjkare — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Nedjemibre 7 months Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Sobekhotep I — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Renseneb 4 months Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1775
Awybre Hor I? — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1775?
Sedjefakare A well known king attested on numerous stelas and other documents. Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 5 to 7 yrs.
Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep Compare Wegaf Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1767
Khendjer Minimum 4 yrs and 3 months Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1765
Imyremeshaw — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Antef V — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Sobekhotep III 4 years and 2 months Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1755
Neferhotep I 11 years Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1751–1740
Sobekhotep IV 10 or 11 years Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1740–1730
Sobekhotep V — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1730
Wahibre Ibiau 10 years & 8 months Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1725–1714
Merneferre Ai 23 years & 8 months Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1714–1691
Merhetepre Ini 2 years & 2 months Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Seankhenre Sewadtjew — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Mersekhemre Ined — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Sewadjkare Hori — Second intermediate period Thirteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
         
         
Nehesy - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1705
Khakherewre ? - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Nebefawre - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1704
Sehebre ? - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Merdjefare - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1699
Sewadjkare ? - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Nebdjefare - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1694
Webenre ? - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
 ? - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
—djefare ? - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
—webenre - Second intermediate period Fourteenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1690
         
         
Sheshi Ruled either 1 or 3 years Second intermediate period Fifteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1674- ?
Yakubher - Second intermediate period Fifteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Khyan - Second intermediate period Fifteenth Dynasty All Egypt 30-40 Years
Apepi I - Second intermediate period Fifteenth Dynasty All Egypt 40 Years or more
Khamudy - Second intermediate period Fifteenth Dynasty All Egypt  ? -1535
         
         
         
- name of the first king is lost here in the Turin King List, and cannot be recovered Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt -
Djehuti (Sekhemresementawy) – Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt 3 y
Sobekhotep VIII (Sekhemresewosertawy) – Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt 16 y
Neferhotep III (Sekhemresankhtawy) – Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1 y
Mentuhotep VI (Sankhenra) – Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1 y
Nebiriau I (Sewadjenra) – Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt 26 y
Nebiriau II – Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt 3 m?
Semenre – Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1 y?
Bebiankh (Sewoserenra) – Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt 12 y
– (Sekhemreshedwaset) – Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt 3 m?
- The names of five kings are lost here in the Turin King List, and cannot be recovered Second intermediate period Sixteenth Dynasty All Egypt -
         
         
         
Rahotep Sekhemrewahkhaw - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt 1650- ?
Intef V the Elder - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt 3 years
Antef VI Sekhemrewepmaat - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Antef VII Nubkheperre - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt  
Intef VIII Sekhemreherhermaat - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt -
Sobekemsaf II Sekhemrewadjkhaw - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt -
Djehuti - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt 1 year
Mentuhotep VI - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt 1 year
Nebiryerawet I - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt 26 years
Nebiryerawet II - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Semenre - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Seuserenre - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt 12 years
Shedwast - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt  ?
Intef VII - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt 3 or more years
Tao I the Elder (ie: Senakhtenre) - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1558
Tao II the Brave (Seqenenre) - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt c. 1558-1554
Kamose - Second intermediate period Seventeenth Dynasty All Egypt 1554-1549
         
         
         
Ahmose I, Ahmosis I Successor to Kamose, above. New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1550-1525
Amenhotep I - New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1525-1504
Thutmose I - New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1504-1492
Thutmose II - New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1492-1479
Thutmose III Often called the "Napoleon of Egypt." Dominated early in his reign by his stepmother Hatshepsut; after she died, he began expanding Egyptian rule into the Levant. New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1479-1425
Hatshepsut The second known female ruler. Recent evidence suggests she died of bone cancer[2]. New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1473-1458
Amenhotep II - New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1425-1400
Thutmose IV - New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1400-1388
Amenhotep III - New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1388-1352
Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten Founder of brief period of monotheism (Atenism) His original name means "Amun is pleased." New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1352-1334
Smenkhkare Possible coregent with Akhenaten. New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1334-1333
Neferneferuaten New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1335-1333
Tutankhamun Commonly believed to be the son of Akhenaten, probably reinstated the polytheistic religion. New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1333-1324
Kheperkheprure Ay - New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1324-1320
Horemheb Former General and advisor to Tutankhamun. Obliterated images of the Amarna queens and kings (all except Amenhotep III and Tiye). New Kingdom Eighteenth Dynasty All Egypt 1320-1292
         
         
         
Ramesses I - New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty All Egypt  
Seti I - New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty All Egypt  
Ramesses II the Great The ruler usually associated with Moses; he reached a stalemate with the Hittites at the Battle of Kadesh in 1275 BC, after which the earliest known peace treaty was signed in 1258 BC. New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty All Egypt  
Merneptah A stele describing his campaigns in Libya and Canaan contains the first known reference to the Israelites. New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty All Egypt  
Amenemses - New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty All Egypt  
Seti II - New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty All Egypt  
Merneptah Siptah - New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty All Egypt  
Tausret A rare female ruler also known as Tawosret in some places, she was the wife of Seti II.[3] New Kingdom Nineteenth Dynasty All Egypt  
         
         
         
Setnakhte - New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1186-1183
Ramesses III Fought the Sea Peoples in 1175 BC. New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1183-1152
Ramesses IV - New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1152-1146
Ramesses V - New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1146-1142
Ramesses VI - New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1142-1134
Ramesses VII - New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1134-1126
Ramesses VIII - New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1126-1124
Ramesses IX - New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1124-1106
Ramesses X - New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1106-1102
Ramesses XI #NAME? New Kingdom Twentieth Dynasty All Egypt 1102-1069
         
         
         
Nesbanebdjed I Also known as Smendes I ( Smendes ) Third intermediate period Twenty-first Dynasty All Egypt 1069-1043
Amenemnisu - Third intermediate period Twenty-first Dynasty All Egypt 1043-1039
Psusennes I - Third intermediate period Twenty-first Dynasty All Egypt 1039-991
Amenemope - Third intermediate period Twenty-first Dynasty All Egypt 993-984
Osorkon the Elder - * ( Osochor ) Third intermediate period Twenty-first Dynasty All Egypt 984-978
Siamun - Third intermediate period Twenty-first Dynasty All Egypt 978-959
Psusennes II - Third intermediate period Twenty-first Dynasty All Egypt 959-945
         
         
         
Shoshenq I The biblical Shishaq Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 945-924
Osorkon I - Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 924-889
Shoshenq II - Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 890-890/889
Takelot I - Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 889-874
Harsiese A rebel, at Thebes Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 875-862
Osorkon II - Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 874-834
Shoshenq III - Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 834-795
Shoshenq IV - Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 795-782
Pami - Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 782-776
Shoshenq V - Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 776-740
Osorkon IV - Third intermediate period Twenty-second Dynasty All Egypt 740-720
         
         
         
Takelot II Previously thought to be a 22nd Dynasty pharaoh, he is now known to be the founder of the 23rd Third intermediate period Twenty-third Dynasty All Egypt 837-813
Pedubast A rebel- seized Thebes from Takelot II Third intermediate period Twenty-third Dynasty All Egypt 826-801
Iuput I - Third intermediate period Twenty-third Dynasty All Egypt 812-811
Shoshenq VI Successor to Pedubast Third intermediate period Twenty-third Dynasty All Egypt 801-795
Osorkon III Son of Takelot II- recovered Thebes, then proclaimed himself king Third intermediate period Twenty-third Dynasty All Egypt 795-767
Takelot III - Third intermediate period Twenty-third Dynasty All Egypt 773-765
Rudamun - Third intermediate period Twenty-third Dynasty All Egypt 765-762
Iuput II - Third intermediate period Twenty-third Dynasty All Egypt 762-728
         
         
Inamunnifnebu - Third intermediate period The Libu* Western Delta 805-795
 ? - Third intermediate period The Libu* Western Delta 795-780
Niumateped - Third intermediate period The Libu* Western Delta 780-755
Titaru - Third intermediate period The Libu* Western Delta 763-755
Ker - Third intermediate period The Libu* Western Delta 755-750
Rudamon - Third intermediate period The Libu* Western Delta 750-745
Ankhor - Third intermediate period The Libu* Western Delta 745-736
Tefnakht - Third intermediate period The Libu* Western Delta 736-732
         
         
         
Tefnakhte - Third intermediate period Twenty-fourth Dynasty All Egypt 732-725
Bakenrenef (Bocchoris) - Third intermediate period Twenty-fourth Dynasty All Egypt 725-720
         
         
         
Piye King of Nubia; conquered Egypt in 20th year; full reign at least 24 years, possibly 30+ years Late Period Twenty-fifth Dynasty All Egypt 752-721
Shabaka - Late Period Twenty-fifth Dynasty All Egypt 721-707
Shebitku Synchronism with Sargon II of Assyria establshes his accession date at 707/706 BC Late Period Twenty-fifth Dynasty All Egypt 707-690
Taharqa - Late Period Twenty-fifth Dynasty All Egypt 690-664
Tantamani Late Period Twenty-fifth Dynasty All Egypt 664-653
         
         
         
Necho I - Late Period Twenty-sixth Dynasty All Egypt 672 – 664 BC
Psamtik I - Late Period Twenty-sixth Dynasty All Egypt 664 – 610 BC
Necho II - Late Period Twenty-sixth Dynasty All Egypt 610 – 595 BC
Psamtik II - Late Period Twenty-sixth Dynasty All Egypt 595 – 589 BC
Wahibre - Late Period Twenty-sixth Dynasty All Egypt 589 – 570 BC
Ahmose II - Late Period Twenty-sixth Dynasty All Egypt 570 – 526 BC
Psammetichus III - Late Period Twenty-sixth Dynasty All Egypt 526 – 525 BC
         
         
         
Cambyses II - Late Period Twenty-seventh Dynasty All Egypt 525 – 521 BC
Smerdis the Usurper - Late Period Twenty-seventh Dynasty All Egypt 522 – 521 BC
Darius I the Great - Late Period Twenty-seventh Dynasty All Egypt 521 – 486 BC
Xerxes I the Great - Late Period Twenty-seventh Dynasty All Egypt 486 – 465 BC
Artabanus the Hyrcanian - Late Period Twenty-seventh Dynasty All Egypt 465 – 464 BC
Artaxerxes I Longhand - Late Period Twenty-seventh Dynasty All Egypt 464 – 424 BC
Xerxes II claimant Late Period Twenty-seventh Dynasty All Egypt 424 – 423 BC
Sogdianus claimant Late Period Twenty-seventh Dynasty All Egypt 424 – 423 BC
Darius II   Late Period Twenty-seventh Dynasty All Egypt 424 – 404 BC
         
         
         
Amyrtaeus Descendant of the Saite pharaohs of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty; led a successful revolt against the Persians Late Period Twenty-eighth Dynasty All Egypt 404 – 398 BC
         
         
Nefaarud I Also known as Nepherites Late Period Twenty-ninth Dynasty All Egypt 398 – 393 BC
Psammuthes - Late Period Twenty-ninth Dynasty All Egypt 393 BC
Hakor (Achoris) - Late Period Twenty-ninth Dynasty All Egypt 393 – 380 BC
Nefaarud II - Late Period Twenty-ninth Dynasty All Egypt 380 BC
         
         
Nectanebo I Also known as Nekhtnebef Late Period Thirtieth Dynasty All Egypt 380 – 362 BC
Teos of Egypt - Late Period Thirtieth Dynasty All Egypt 362 – 360 BC
Nectanebo II - Late Period Thirtieth Dynasty All Egypt 360 – 343 BC
         
         
Artaxerxes III Egypt came under Persian rule for the second time Late Period Thrity First Dynasty All Egypt 343–338 BC
Artaxerxes IV Arses Only reigned in Lower Egypt Late Period Thrity First Dynasty All Egypt 338–336 BC
Khababash Leader of a Nubian revolt in Upper Egypt Late Period Thrity First Dynasty All Egypt 338–335 BC
Darius III Codomannus Upper Egypt returned to Persian control in 335 BC Late Period Thrity First Dynasty All Egypt 336–332 BC
         
         
Alexander III the Great Macedon conquered Persia and Egypt Late Period Argead Dynasty All Egypt 332–323 BC
Philip III Arrhidaeus Feeble-minded half-brother of Alexander III the Great Late Period Argead Dynasty All Egypt 323–317 BC
Alexander IV of Macedon Son of Alexander III the Great and Roxana Late Period Argead Dynasty All Egypt 317–309 BC
         
         
         
Ptolemy I Soter Abdicated in 285 BC; died in 283 BC Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 305–285 BC
Berenice I Wife of Ptolemy I Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt  ?-285 BC
Ptolemy II Philadelphos - Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 288–246 BC
Arsinoe I Wife of Ptolemy II Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 284/81-ca. 274 BC
Arsinoe II Wife of Ptolemy II Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 277-270 BC
Ptolemy III Euergetes I - Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 246–222 BC
Berenice II Wife of Ptolemy III Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 244/3-222 BC
Ptolemy IV Philopator - Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 222–204 BC
Arsinoe III Wife of Ptolemy IV Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 220-204 BC
Ptolemy V Epiphanes Upper Egypt in revolt 207–186 BC Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 204–180 BC
Cleopatra I Wife of Ptolemy V, co-regent with Ptolemy VI during his minority Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 193-176 BC
Ptolemy VI Philometor Died 145 BC Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 180–164 BC
Cleopatra II Wife of Ptolemy VI Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 173-164 BC
Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Proclaimed king by Alexandrians in 170 BC; ruled jointly with Ptolemy VI Philometor and Cleopatra II from 169 to 164 BC. Died 116 BC Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 171–163 BC
Ptolemy VI Philometor Egypt under the control of Ptolemy VIII 164 BC–163 BC; Ptolemy VI restored 163 BC Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 163-145 BC
Cleopatra II Married Ptolemy VIII; led revolt against him in 131 BC and became sole ruler of Egypt. Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 163-127 BC
Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator Proclaimed co-ruler by father; later ruled under regency of his mother Cleopatra II Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 145-144 BC
Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Restored Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 145-131 BC
Cleopatra III Second wife of Ptolemy VIII Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 142-131 BC
Ptolemy Memphitis Proclaimed King by Cleopatra II; soon killed by Ptolemy VIII Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 131 BC
Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II Restored Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 127-116 BC
Cleopatra III Restored with Ptolemy VIII; later co-regent with Ptolemy IX and X. Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 127-107 BC
Cleopatra II Reconciled with Ptolemy VIII; co-ruled with Cleopatra III and Ptolemy until 116. Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 124-116 BC
Ptolemy IX Soter II Died 80 BC Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 116–110 BC
Cleopatra IV Shortly married to Ptolemy IX, but was pushed out by Cleopatra III Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 116-115 BC
Ptolemy X Alexander I Died 88 BC Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 110–109 BC
Ptolemy IX Soter II Restored Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 109–107 BC
Ptolemy X Alexander I Restored Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 107–88 BC
Ptolemy IX Soter II Restored again Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 88–81 BC
Berenice III Forced to marry Ptolemy XI; murdered on his orders 19 days later Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 81-80 BC
Ptolemy XI Alexander II Young son of Ptolemy X Alexander; installed by Sulla; ruled for 80 days before being lynched by citizens for killing Berenice III Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 80 BC
Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes) Son of Ptolemy IX; died 51 BC Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 80–58 BC
Cleopatra V Tryphaena Wife of Ptolemy XII, mother of Berenice IV Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt  ?-57 BC
Cleopatra VI Daughter of Ptolemy XII Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt  ?-58 BC
Berenice IV Daughter of Ptolemy XII; forced to marry Seleucus Kybiosaktes, but has him strangled Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 58–55 BC
Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos Restored; reigned briefly with his daughter Cleopatra VII before his death Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 55–51 BC
Cleopatra VII Jointly with her father Ptolemy XII, her brother Ptolemy XIII, her brother-husband Ptolemy XIV, and her son Ptolemy XV; also known simply as Cleopatra Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 51–30 BC
Ptolemy XIII Brother of Cleopatra VII Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 51–47 BC
Arsinoe IV In opposition to Cleopatra VII Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 48-47 BC
Ptolemy XIV Younger brother of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 47–44 BC
Ptolemy XV Caesarion Infant son of Cleopatra VII; aged 3 when proclaimed co-ruler with Cleopatra Late Period Ptolemaic Dynasty All Egypt 44–30 BC